In many other situations, avoiding eye contact can be used sparingly to communicate a specific message.
Depending on the circumstances, you may appear to be submissive or overly dominant.
Generally, a lack of eye contact when someone is speaking communicates submission, while avoiding eye contact when questioned or queried indicates deceit.
In Asian cultures, eye contact can be interpreted as threatening or hostile.
Asian people are taught to avert their eyes as a sign of respect, particularly when dealing with their superiors.
You notice an attractive stranger from across the room laughing while reading the paper.
You take note of their beautiful smile and thick dark locks. In an earlier study, Claire Conway and colleagues investigated the effect eye contact had in ratings of attraction.
Researchers thought the direct gaze of the person in the picture was a signal of interest, suggesting that people look directly at you when they are attracted to you.
As we know from previous research, a big predictor of liking is knowing that the other person likes you first (Condon & Crano, 1988).
This is often used to return a relationship to its natural state following a momentary breach of the usual boundaries.
In cross-cultural situations, the issue of eye contact can lead to serious misunderstandings.
If the conversational participants are familiar or emotionally close, a greater level of eye contact is often used.