Mexican cuisine varies widely between regions, as each town has its own culinary traditions, according to "Mexico For You," a publication of the Mexican Cultural Institute of Washington, D. Tortillas and other food made from corn are common everywhere, though, as are pepper, tomatoes and beans. Many foods that originated in Mexico are popular worldwide, including avocadoes, chocolate and pumpkins.
There are also small communities of Muslims, Jews and Buddhists.
Family is one of the most important elements in Mexican society, according to
Independence Day, marking the country's separation from Spain in 1810, is celebrated on Sept. Cinco de Mayo, which marks a Mexican military victory over the French in 1862, is more widely celebrated in the United States (as a beer promotion) than it is in Mexico.
Mexico is the most northern latin country, bordered by the United States, Guatemala and Belize.
Around 82 percent of Mexicans identify themselves as Catholic, according to the CIA, although many have incorporated pre-Hispanic Mayan elements as part of their faith.
Christian denominations represented include Presbyterians, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventists, Mormons, Lutherans, Methodists, Baptists and Anglicans.
For example, chocolate, coyote, tomato and avocado all originated in Nahuatl.
"Much of Mexican culture revolves around religious values and the church, as well as the concept of family and inclusiveness," said Talia Wagner, a marriage and family therapist in Los Angeles.
However, traditional Mexican women´s clothing now regularly includes lots of ornate embroidery, often including images and patterns that have symbolic meaning attached to them.