This is estimated to occur in up to 1 out of every 100 women who have amniocentesis.
“The baby is essentially taking a bath in their amniotic fluid,” Erin O’Toole, a prenatal genetic counselor.
“Just like how we shed our skin cells into our bathwater, the baby does the same thing in its amniotic fluid.
Amniocentesis is essentially an amniotic fluid test that’s taken by inserting a long needle into a pregnant woman’s womb.
It sounds primitive, outdated, and harsh, but it’s still traditionally thought of as the gold standard for prenatal genetic diagnostic testing.
Amniocentesis is usually described as being uncomfortable rather than painful.
Some women describe experiencing a pain similar to period pain or feeling pressure when the needle is taken out.
By sampling the amniotic fluid, we can get cells from the baby’s skin and some other organs to use for genetic testing.”“Testing options for genetic conditions in pregnancy can be split into two categories: screening tests that have no risk, but cannot give definite yes or no answers; and diagnostic tests that can have risks associated but can give definitive yes or no answers,” says O’Toole.
“In the past, it was very common for a pregnant woman to simply decide to have amniocentesis in her pregnancy.
Not “Most mothers describe that when the needle goes into their skin it feels just like a blood draw,” she explains.
“When the needle goes into the uterus there is normally some mild cramping. Some patients do not think it’s bad at all, but others find it pretty uncomfortable.” Any procedure that involves inserting a needle into an organ has risks, although generally, these risks are rare.
For one, the amnio test is expensive, invasive, and can raise the risk of miscarriage.