These effects and the history of interracial marriages will be the focus of this annotated bibliography. "Only the Law Would Rule Between Us": Anti-miscegenation, the Moral Economy of Dependency, and the Debate Over Rights After the Civil War, 70 Chi.-Kent L. The time periods which are focused on are as follows: 1868-1877, 1877-1920's, 1920's-1940's, 1950's, and the 1960's with Loving v. In 1662, the question in front of the legislature was whether "children got by any Englishman upon a Negro woman should be free or slave."16 The solution was to look at the mother: if the non-white woman was free, her mixed-race child would be free; but if she was a slave, then any child she had would be a slave.
American Wedding: Same-Sex Marriage and the Miscegenation Analogy, 73 B. Virginia, and the post script of both States after Loving. As time progressed, the laws changed, and interracial marriages were not banned, but rather, the law mandated banishment forever of the White party to any interracial marriage that occurred, if free, within three months after such marriage.17 If the child was a "bastard child" born from a couple not going through the wedding ceremony, the child was taken by the warden of the church in the parish and bound to be a servant until he or she attained the age of 30.18 After 1691, the legislature reduced the percent of African American ancestry a person had to have in them to be defined as the mixed-race.
Thus, as of June 12, 1967, interracial marriages were no loner illegal in any State. Historically, however the freedom of marriage was not always granted between races.
Families involved in interracial marriage are exposed to different cultures which are different from their own.
This can lead to positive effects which would make them more alert about different customs and can lead individuals to better opportunities such as jobs, careers, and the environment they are surrounded by. According to Wong, “Marriage is beneficial for couples, children, and communities.
There will be adversity in interracial marriages because of the ignorance that will still exist because everyone will not be on the same page.
It is the duty of everyone to try and play a role in helping to uplift society.
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The Lovings pleaded guilty to violating the Act and were sentenced to one year in jail, though the trial judge gave them the option of avoiding incarceration on the condition they leave the State and not return for twenty-five years.4 During the course of the proceeding the trial judge asserted that: "Almighty God created the races of White, Black, Yellow, Malay, and Red, and He placed them on separate continents." "And but for the interference with His arrangement there would be no cause for such marriages." "The fact that He separated the races shows that he did not intend for the races to mix."5 After Virginia's Supreme Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction the Supreme Court of the United States reversed the decision on the grounds that the Constitution of the United States prohibits states from barring interracial marriages. This annotation is only going to focus on the miscegenation laws and the view society had of children born out of interracial marriages.
In so doing, the Supreme Court invalidated similar laws in fifteen States. The author states that the freedom to marry has long been recognized as one of the vital personal rights essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness by freemen.
Interracial marriage has come a long way since the 20th century and is only getting better.
Interracial marriage has positive and negative effects on people in today’s society and previous generations. —include this in your thesis) Interracial marriage has positive effects on families.
This annotated bibliography will attempt to overview the history of interracial marriages and the children born out of such relationships.