This law contributed to the deaths of hundreds of Allied airmen throughout the Pacific and Asian theaters of World War II.
Shortly after World War II, Japanese officers who carried out mock trials and illegal executions under the Enemy Airmen's Act were found guilty of war crimes.
The first victims to be put on trial under the act were the Doolittle raiders captured by the Japanese in China in April 1942.
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pending proclamation of the military law and its official announcement, and the scheduling of the date of execution of the American airmen." On 13 August 1942, General Shunroku Hata, Supreme Commander of the Japanese Forces in China promulgated Military Order No. This law, which was in part ex post facto, provided that: Article I: This law shall apply to all enemy airmen who raid the Japanese homeland, Manchukuo, and the Japanese zones of military operations, and who come within the areas under the jurisdiction of the China Expeditionary Force.
The Enemy Airmen's Act contributed to the deaths of untold numbers of Allied airmen throughout the Pacific War.
Seven survivors were picked up by the two ships and brought to the naval base at Seletar where they were detained for some time. After World War II, many Japanese officers who carried out mock trials and illegal executions under the Enemy Airmen's Act were found guilty of war crimes.
At the trial of Lieutenant-Commander Okamoto by a British military tribunal in December 1947, he was accused of ordering the execution of captured American airmen in Singapore.
However, on the urging of Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, Emperor Hirohito commuted five to life imprisonment. Copeland, who survived after being downed were captured by the Japanese and taken to the Osaka military prison where the Central Army had its headquarters.
The three others were taken to a cemetery outside Shanghai in China where they were executed by firing squad on October 14, 1942. Roosevelt condemned the Japanese as "barbarous" and "depraved". Dower noted that the public outrage "was comparable to the rage that greeted the news of Pearl Harbor." The British embassy in Washington D. reported the emotional response to London that the uproar was such that it "sharply increased the stimulus of national anger and humiliation which makes of the Pacific front permanently a more burning issue than [the] European front is ever likely to be." On 16/17 March 1945, 331 USAAF B-29 heavy bombers launched a firebombing raid against the Japanese city of Kobe as part of the strategic bombing campaign of Japan. The captured fliers were brought before a hastily convened court, found guilty of "indiscriminate bombing" of Osaka and Kobe, and sentenced to death.
Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialists, emerges from the party’s Munich headquarters on December 5, 1931.